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United States Of America



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
 
The history of Brunei Darussalam and the United States can be traced back to the 1800s when both countries signed the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation. The treaty still remains in effect to this very day. The U.S. immediately welcomed Brunei Darussalam's full independence on 1 January 1984 and proceeded by setting up an Embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan. Accordingly, Brunei Darussalam set up its Embassy in Washington D.C. following the establishment of formal diplomatic relations between Brunei Darussalam and the United States on 10 March 1984.
 
Brunei Darussalam's current Ambassador to the U.S. is His Excellency Dato Paduka Haji Yussof Haji Abd Hamid. The U.S. Ambassador to Brunei Darussalam is His Excellency Daniel L. Shields.
 
The bilateral relations of both countries continue to be enhanced through regular exchanges of visits and cooperation, namely in the fields of defence, education, trade and energy.
 
Brunei Darussalam has received numerous visits from high ranking U.S. officials, including President Bill Clinton and the late Secretary of State Warren Christopher.
 
Recent outgoing visits:
September 2010 - His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam attended the 2nd ASEAN – U.S. Summit in New York on the sidelines of the 65th United Nations General Assembly

20 May 2011 - YB Pehin Dato Seri Setia Lim Jock Seng, Second Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade attended the APEC Roadshow in Big Sky, Montana

26 May 2011 - Pengiran Dato Paduka Hj Osman Pg Hj Patra, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade attended the 24th ASEAN – U.S. Senior Officials' Dialogue in Washington D.C.

5 August 2011 - YB Pehin Dato Seri Setia Lim Jock Seng, Second Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade and YB Pehin Dato Haji Mohammad Yasmin Umar, Minister of Energy visited USA and held talks with US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton at the State Department in Washington D.C.

 
Recent incoming visits:
13 & 20 January 2011 - Visit of Admiral Patrick Walsh, Commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet

31 May 2011 - Visit of General Gary North, Commander of the U.S. Pacific Air Forces. He attended the Royal Brunei Air Force's (RBAF) 50th Golden Jubilee celebration

24 June 2011 - Visit of Mr. Nathaniel Turner, Brunei Desk Officer at the State Department

28 June 2011 - Visit of H.E. David Carden, U.S. Ambassador to ASEAN

5 July 2011 - Visit of Commander Joseph Cahill, Commanding Officer of the USS Preble

12 July 2011 - Visit of H.E. Luis CdeBaca, Ambassador-at-Large at the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons at the State Department

17 July 2011 - Visit of the U.S. – ASEAN Business Council
 
There have been concerted efforts to strengthen cooperation in education between both countries. At present, there are approximately 30 Bruneian students pursuing their undergraduate or postgraduate studies in the U.S. Through our efforts, we hope to increase the number of Bruneian students in the U.S. and to bring American students to Brunei Darussalam. Since 2002, the U.S. has awarded its Fulbright Scholarship to nine Bruneian students, in which two are still studying.
 
Defence relations between Brunei Darussalam and the U.S. have expanded under the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on Defence Cooperation that was signed in 1994. Since then, defence officials have engaged in joint exercises, training programmes and military exchanges. Under the MOU, a Joint Defence Working Committee (JDWC) was also established and would hold annual meetings on defence. The last meeting was held in November 2010 in Honolulu, Hawaii. In addition, since 1995 Brunei Darussalam has conducted annual Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) military exercises with the U.S. Navy. Currently, three students are pursuing their studies at U.S. military academies. Two of the following are pursuing their studies at the U.S. Air Force Academy, and one student is studying at the U.S. Naval Academy. During Brunei Darussalam's Defence Exhibition (BRIDEX) in July 2011, a good number of U.S. defence companies showcased their products.
 
Aside from education and defence, Brunei Darussalam and the United States are making efforts to advance its trade and economic ties. The Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) was signed in 2002 between both countries. Brunei Darussalam is also committed to working with the U.S. through multilateral channels, and is working closely through its ASEAN-U.S. partnership, APEC and the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP).
 
Trade figures

(B$ mil)

2003

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

(Jan-June)

Imports

266,039,943

240,642,288

240,131,935

403,720,617

501,200,000

453,870,551

53,841

Exports

597,090,093

776,317,899

815,170,457

582,444,905

95,200,000

65,163,961

5,977


Agreements / MOUs signed
  • 29 November 1994 - MOU on Defence Cooperation
  • June 1997 - "Open – Sky" Air Services Agreement
  • March 1998 - MOU for the advancement of knowledge and intellectual development
    between Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD) and North Carolina State University (NCSU).
  • 16 August 2002 - Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA)
  • December 2002 - MOU on the Establishment of a Fulbright Programme
  • 3 March 2004 - Exchange of Notes on Non-surrender of Nationals to the International Criminal Court
  • 21 June 2010 - MOU on the Implementation Research and Development (R&D) Projects
    on Lobster in Brunei waters
  • 30 July 2010 - Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement (ACSA) between the Royal Brunei Armed Forces (RBAF) and the U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM)
  • 14 May 2011 - MOU on a framework for collaboration between UBD and the University
    of North Carolina (UNC)

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